Officer Contact Data
In 2015, Assembly Bill 953 (AB 953): The Racial and Identity Profiling Act (RIPA) of 2015 was signed into law. AB953 revised the definition of racial profiling to instead refer to racial or identity profiling and prohibits peace officers from engaging in that practice.
RIPA also requires each state and local agency that employs peace officers to report to the Attorney General data on all stops, as defined, conducted by the agency’s peace officers annually.
RIPA requires the establishment of an advisory board tasked with eliminating racial and identity profiling and improving diversity and racial and identity sensitivity in law enforcement.
AB953 established a phased approach for law enforcement agencies to collect and report the required data. Under the RIPA requirements, the UCI Police department is required to start collecting data on April 1, 2022, so it can report it on April 1, 2023.
The data that has to be collected includes:
Date, time, and location of the stop; the reason for the stop; and the outcome of the stop, such as no action taken, a warning, a citation issued, property seized, or an arrest.
If a warning or citation was given, the data must include the warning given or violation cited for.
If an arrest was made, the offense charged.
The perceived race or ethnicity, gender, and approximate age of the person stopped.
Actions taken by the peace officer during the stop, including if the officer asked for consent to search the person, and, if so, whether consent was provided.
Whether the peace officer searched the person or any property, and, if so, the basis for the search and the type of contraband or evidence discovered, if any.
Whether the peace officer seized any property, and, if so, the type of property that was seized and the basis for seizing the property.
In addition to stop data, law enforcement agencies must also report the following:
The amount and the types of offenses known to the public authorities.
The personal and social characteristics of criminals and delinquents.
The administrative actions taken by law enforcement, judicial, penal, and correctional agencies or institutions, including those in the juvenile justice system, in dealing with criminals or delinquents.
The administrative actions taken by law enforcement, prosecutorial, judicial, penal, and correctional agencies, including those in the juvenile justice system, in dealing with minors who are the subject of a petition or hearing in the juvenile court to transfer their case to the jurisdiction of an adult criminal court or whose cases are directly filed or otherwise initiated in an adult criminal court.
The total number of each of the following:
Citizen complaints received by law enforcement agencies under Section 832.5.
Citizen complaints alleging criminal conduct of either a felony or misdemeanor.
Citizen complaints alleging racial or identity profiling, as defined in subdivision (e) of Section 13519.4. These statistics shall be disaggregated by the specific type of racial or identity profiling alleged, such as based on a consideration of race, color, ethnicity, national origin, religion, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, or mental or physical disability.
The statistics reported under this paragraph shall provide, for each category of complaint identified under subparagraph (A), the number of complaints within each of the following disposition categories:
“Sustained,” which means that the investigation disclosed sufficient evidence to prove the truth of allegation in the complaint by preponderance of evidence.
“Exonerated,” which means that the investigation clearly established that the actions of the personnel that formed the basis of the complaint are not a violation of law or agency policy.
“Not sustained,” which means that the investigation failed to disclose sufficient evidence to clearly prove or disprove the allegation in the complaint.
“Unfounded,” which means that the investigation clearly established that the allegation is not true.
To collect the vast amount of data required under RIPA, law enforcement agencies have or are in the process of contracting with their Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) and Records Management System (RMS) vendors to develop software within these existing systems.
UCI Police Department contracts with Sunridge Systems Inc. for both its CAD and RMS. Sunridge provides these services to 179 law enforcement agencies in California, including 6 of the 10 UC Police Departments. Sunridge has been developing the software so each of its customers can collect and report RIPA data.
In 2017, while waiting for the software development, UCI Police started to collect race data from Officer Initiated Contacts and published this data each month on the Department’s website - five years ahead of the RIPA requirement.
In October 2019, the department discovered that a change by our CAD/RMS vendor prevented us from accurately tracking officer initiated contact data.
The release of the Racial and Identity Profiling Act (RIPA) data collection module was purported to be close at hand (a few months away), so a decision was made to stop posting data until its release because of the inaccuracies.
Because the system correction is taking longer than expected, the UCI Police Department developed a new method for capturing race data along with an audit mechanism to ensure the data is accurate.
Beginning in May 2020, race data will again be published every month to the website until such time that the RIPA (Racial and Identity Profiling Act) software project is completed.